Page 14 - Cemair SkyNews Jun/Jul 2017
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he very first official land owner of the
              farm Hoedspruit was Dawid Johannes
          He arrived in the lowveld in 1844 and settled in
          the area between the Blyde River and what is
          now known as the Zandspruit River.
          In 1848 he officially registered the farm at the
          land office which was situated in Ohrigstad,
          thus it was in 1848 that Hoedspruit had any
          official recognition and registration towards the
          town and municipality that it is today.

          A few years later, in the 1850’s, Ohrigstad was
          expanding and becoming the central town in
          the greater region, however, at the time, it was
          decided that only the older settlers should be
          allowed to settle in and around the immediate
          area of Ohrigstad and anyone younger than 45
          was encouraged to move further away from the
          town and settle elsewhere. As a result a group
          of young men – all under 45 – made their way
          down the escarpment and settled in the area
          between the mountain and the Blyde River on
          a farm that they then called Jonkmanspruit.
          A few of the other young men settled a little
          further on on the farm they called Welverdiend
          (meaning 'well deserved') and yet another on a
          farm that was called Driehoek ('three corners')
          due to the shape of the farm itself. These are
          some of the original names that still exist in
          the area today and are all situated around the
          edges of what was the original farm called                                                                                         T IM B A V A T I • GREA TER KRUGER NA T IO NAL P ARK

          The name Hoedspruit itself was given by
          Dawid Johannes Joubert and was directly
          as a result of an incident after major rain on
          Mariepskop area in 1844 (when he first arrived
          in the area) which caused the “now called
          Zandspruit” to come down in a flash flood.
          During this event he ended up loosing his
          hat in the flooding river and local legend is it
          was due to this he then named the river the
          Hoedspruit (the Hat River) – as in the River that                                                                                              I
          stole his Hat.
          At pretty much the same time a major dispute
          erupted between the Portuguese in the then
          Lourenço Marques (Maputo), and the South
          Africans in the then Transvaal Republic.
          The Portuguese were insisting that the
          Drakensberg mountain range just behind the
          town of Hoedspruit was in fact the international
          border between Mozambique and South
          Africa and the South Africans were insisting
          it was the Lebombo Mountains. As a result
          Paul Kruger, then president of the Transvaal
          Republic ordered a proper land survey study
          to be done and for the official border to be
          assessed and finalized.

                    Previous page: A hot air
                 balloon over the Lowveld is
                a must. This page: Wildlife in
                  The Kruger National Park.

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